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三菱700-70系列编程说明书(M 系)
来源:    发布时间: 2014-07-04 01:36   804 次浏览   大小:  16px  14px  12px
目 录
1. 控制轴................................................................................................................................................. 1
1.1 坐标与控制轴.............................................................................................................................................1
1.2 坐标系与坐标原点标记...............................................................................................................................2
2. 最小指令单位...................................................................................................................................... 3
2.1 输入设定单位.............................................................................................................................................3
2.2 指令单位10倍...........................................................................................................................................5
2.3 分度单位....................................................................................................................................................6
3. 数据格式.............................................................................................................................................. 7
3.1 纸带代码....................................................................................................................................................7
3.2 程序格式..................................................................................................................................................10
3.3 纸带记忆格式...........................................................................................................................................12
3.4 可选单节跳跃; / ......................................................................................................................................12
3.5 程序编号、顺序编号及单节编号; O,N ....................................................................................................13
3.6 奇偶H/V ..................................................................................................................................................14
3.7 G指令一览表............................................................................................................................................15
3.8 加工前的注意事项....................................................................................................................................18
4. 缓存寄存器........................................................................................................................................ 19
4.1 输入缓存..................................................................................................................................................19
4.2 预读缓存..................................................................................................................................................20
5. 位置指令............................................................................................................................................ 21
5.1 位置指令方式; G90,G91.........................................................................................................................21
5.2 英制指令与公制指令的切换; G20,G21 ...................................................................................................23
5.3 小数点输入..............................................................................................................................................25
6. 插补功能............................................................................................................................................ 29
6.1 定位(快速进给) ; G00...............................................................................................................................29
6.2 直线插补; G01........................................................................................................................................35
6.3 平面选择; G17,G18,G19 ........................................................................................................................37
6.4 圆弧插补; G02,G03................................................................................................................................39
6.5 R指定圆弧插补; G02,G03 ......................................................................................................................43
6.6 螺旋插补; G17~G19,G02,G03..............................................................................................................45
6.7 螺纹切削..................................................................................................................................................50
6.7.1 固定导程螺纹切削; G33..............................................................................................................50
6.7.2 英制螺纹切削; G33 .....................................................................................................................54
6.8 单向定位; G60........................................................................................................................................55
6.9 圆筒插补; G07.1.....................................................................................................................................57
6.10 极坐标插补; G12.1,G13.1/G112,G113.................................................................................................64
6.11 指数函数插补; G02.3,G03.3.................................................................................................................71
6.12 极坐标指令; G16 ..................................................................................................................................77
I
6.13 涡旋/圆锥插补; G02.1/G03.1(类型1)、G02/G03(类型2) .....................................................................83
6.14 三维圆弧插补; G02.4,G03.4.................................................................................................................87
6.15 NURBS插补...........................................................................................................................................92
6.16 假想轴插补; G07 ..................................................................................................................................97
7. 进给功能............................................................................................................................................ 99
7.1 快速进给速度...........................................................................................................................................99
7.2 切削进给速度...........................................................................................................................................99
7.3 F1数位进给............................................................................................................................................100
7.4 非同期进给/同期进给; G94,G95...........................................................................................................102
7.5 反比例进给; G93 ..................................................................................................................................104
7.6 进给速度的指定与各控制轴的效果.........................................................................................................108
7.7 准确定位检查; G09 ..............................................................................................................................111
7.8 准确定位检查模式; G61 .......................................................................................................................114
7.9 减速检查................................................................................................................................................115
7.9.1 G1→G0减速检查.......................................................................................................................117
7.9.2 G1→G1减速检查.......................................................................................................................118
7.10 自动转角倍率; G62 ............................................................................................................................119
7.11 攻牙模式; G63....................................................................................................................................124
7.12 切削模式; G64....................................................................................................................................124
8. 延时................................................................................................................................................. 125
8.1 毎秒延时; G04......................................................................................................................................125
9. 辅助功能.......................................................................................................................................... 127
9.1 辅助功能(M8位BCD) ..........................................................................................................................127
9.2 第2辅助功能(B8位,A8位或是C8位) .................................................................................................129
9.3 旋转工作台分度.....................................................................................................................................130
10. 主轴功能........................................................................................................................................ 132
10.1 主轴功能(S6位模拟) ..........................................................................................................................132
10.2 主轴功能(S8位) .................................................................................................................................132
10.3 恒表面速度控制; G96,G97.................................................................................................................133
10.3.1 恒表面速度控制........................................................................................................................133
10.4 主轴钳制速度设定; G92 .....................................................................................................................134
10.5 主轴・C轴控制...................................................................................................................................135
10.6 多主轴控制..........................................................................................................................................137
10.6.1 多主轴控制II ...........................................................................................................................138
11. 刀具功能(T指令) ......................................................................................................................... 140
11.1 刀具功能(T8位BCD).........................................................................................................................140
12. 刀具补偿功能................................................................................................................................ 141
12.1 刀具补偿..............................................................................................................................................141
12.2 刀具长度补偿/取消; G43,G44/G49.....................................................................................................145
II
12.3 刀具半径补偿; G38,G39/G40/G41,G42 .............................................................................................148
12.3.1 刀具半径补偿的动作.................................................................................................................149
12.3.2 刀具半径补偿中其他指令及动作...............................................................................................159
12.3.3 G41/G42指令与I,J,K指定........................................................................................................168
12.3.4 刀具半径补偿中的插入.............................................................................................................174
12.3.5 刀具半径补偿的一般注意事项...................................................................................................176
12.3.6 补偿模式中补偿编号的变更......................................................................................................177
12.3.7 刀具半径补偿开始与Z轴的切入动作.......................................................................................179
12.3.8 干涉检查...................................................................................................................................181
12.3.9 补偿量直径指定........................................................................................................................188
12.4 三维刀具半径补偿; G40/G41,G42......................................................................................................190
12.5 刀具位置偏置; G45~G48..................................................................................................................201
12.6 程序补偿输入; G10,G11.....................................................................................................................208
13. 程序支持功能................................................................................................................................ 213
13.1 固定循环..............................................................................................................................................213
13.1.1 标准固定循环; G80~G89,G73,G74,G75,G76........................................................................213
13.1.2 初始点与R点返回; G98,G99 .................................................................................................242
13.1.3 固定循环模式中的工件坐标设定...............................................................................................243
13.2 特別固定循环; G34,G35,G36,G37.1 ..................................................................................................244
13.3 子程序控制; M98,M99,M198..............................................................................................................249
13.3.1 通过M98,M99指令呼叫程序....................................................................................................249
13.3.2 通过M198指令呼叫子程序......................................................................................................254
13.3.3 图形旋转 ; M98 I_J_K_............................................................................................................255
13.4 变量指令..............................................................................................................................................257
13.5 用户宏..................................................................................................................................................260
13.5.1 用户宏; G65,G66,G66.1,G67..................................................................................................260
13.5.2 宏呼叫指令...............................................................................................................................261
13.5.3 ASCII代码宏.............................................................................................................................270
13.5.4 变量..........................................................................................................................................274
13.5.5 变量的种类...............................................................................................................................276
13.5.6 运算指令...................................................................................................................................313
13.5.7 控制指令...................................................................................................................................319
13.5.8 外部输出指令............................................................................................................................322
13.5.9 注意事项...................................................................................................................................324
13.5.10使用用户宏的具体事例............................................................................................................326
13.6 G指令镜像; G50.1,G51.1 ...................................................................................................................330
13.7 转角倒角、转角R I..............................................................................................................................334
13.7.1 转角倒角",C_".........................................................................................................................334
13.7.2 转角R ",R_" .............................................................................................................................336
13.8 直线角度指令.......................................................................................................................................338
III
13.9 几何功能..............................................................................................................................................339
13.10 圆切削; G12,G13 .............................................................................................................................343
13.11 程序参数输入; G10,G11...................................................................................................................345
13.12 宏插入; M96,M97 .............................................................................................................................346
13.13 刀具交换位置返回; G30.1~G30.6...................................................................................................355
13.14 法线控制; G40.1/G41.1/G42.1 .........................................................................................................358
13.15 高精度控制; G61.1,G08 ...................................................................................................................369
13.16 高速加工模式.....................................................................................................................................384
13.16.1 高速加工模式 I,II ; G05 P1, G05 P2.......................................................................................384
13.17 高速高精度控制; G05, G05.1...........................................................................................................387
13.17.1 高速高精度控制I,II ; ..............................................................................................................387
13.17.2 SSS控制.................................................................................................................................394
13.18 样条曲线; G05.1...............................................................................................................................399
13.19 高精度样条曲线插补; G61.2.............................................................................................................407
13.20 比例缩放; G50/G51..........................................................................................................................409
13.21 程序坐标旋转; G68/G69...................................................................................................................413
13.22 参数坐标旋转输入; G10 ...................................................................................................................417
13.23 三维坐标转换; G68/69 .....................................................................................................................420
13.24 等待...................................................................................................................................................434
14. 坐标系设定功能............................................................................................................................. 437
14.1 坐标与控制轴.......................................................................................................................................437
14.2 基本机械坐标系、工件坐标系与局部坐标系........................................................................................438
14.3 机械原点与第2,第3,第4参考点..........................................................................................................439
14.4 基本机械坐标系选择; G53..................................................................................................................440
14.5 坐标系设定; G92 ................................................................................................................................441
14.6 自动坐标系设定...................................................................................................................................442
14.7 参考点(原点)返回; G28,G29...............................................................................................................443
14.8 第2,第3,第4参考点(原点)返回; G30 ................................................................................................447
14.9 参考点检查; G27 ................................................................................................................................450
14.10 工件坐标系设定及工件坐标系偏置; G54~G59(G54.1) ....................................................................451
14.11 局部坐标系设定; G52.......................................................................................................................462
14.12 工件坐标系预置; G92.1....................................................................................................................466
14.13 旋转轴用坐标系.................................................................................................................................471
15. 测量支持功能................................................................................................................................ 474
15.1 自动刀具长度测定; G37 .....................................................................................................................474
15.2 跳跃功能; G31....................................................................................................................................478
15.3 多级跳跃功能; G31.n,G04.................................................................................................................483
15.4 多级跳跃功能2 ....................................................................................................................................485
15.5 变速跳跃..............................................................................................................................................487
15.6 可编程电流限制...................................................................................................................................490
IV
15.7 移动前行程检查; G22/G23.................................................................................................................491
附录1. 程序错误.................................................................................................................................. 493
附录2. G功能指令的优先顺序............................................................................................................ 514
索  引........................................................................................................................................... X-1

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