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E68 编程手册
来源:    发布时间: 2014-07-04 01:41   881 次浏览   大小:  16px  14px  12px
 目 录
1.控制轴.....................................................................................................................................................................................1
1.1 坐标与控制轴............................................................................................................................................................1
1.2 坐标系与坐标原点标记............................................................................................................................................2
2. 输入指令单位.......................................................................................................................................................................3
2.1 输入指令单位............................................................................................................................................................3
2.2 输入设定单位............................................................................................................................................................3
3. 数据格式...............................................................................................................................................................................5
3.1 纸带代码...................................................................................................................................................................5
3.2 程序格式...................................................................................................................................................................8
3.3 程序地址检查..........................................................................................................................................................10
3.4 纸带记忆格式..........................................................................................................................................................11
3.5 可选单节的跳跃......................................................................................................................................................11
3.6 程序编号、顺序编号及节编号;O、N..................................................................................................................12
3.7 检验 H/V..................................................................................................................................................................13
3.8 G 代码系列..............................................................................................................................................................14
3.9 加工前的注意事项..................................................................................................................................................17
4. 缓存寄存器.........................................................................................................................................................................18
4.1 输入缓存.................................................................................................................................................................18
4.2 预读缓存.................................................................................................................................................................19
5. 位置指令.............................................................................................................................................................................20
5.1 增量值指令/绝对值指令........................................................................................................................................20
5.2 半径指令/直径指令................................................................................................................................................21
5.3 英制指令/公制指令切换;G20、G21....................................................................................................................22
5.4 小数点输入.............................................................................................................................................................26
6.插补功能...............................................................................................................................................................................30
6.1 定位(快速进给);G00........................................................................................................................................30
6.2 直线插补;G01........................................................................................................................................................36
6.3 圆弧插补;G02、G03..............................................................................................................................................39
6.4 R 指定圆弧插补;G02、G03...................................................................................................................................43
6.5 平面选择;G17、G18、G19....................................................................................................................................45
6.6 螺纹切削.................................................................................................................................................................47
6.6.1 固定导程螺纹切削;G33...........................................................................................................................47
6.6.2 英制螺纹切削;G33..................................................................................................................................51
6.6.3 连续螺纹切削............................................................................................................................................52
6.6.4 可变导程螺纹切削;G34...........................................................................................................................53
6.7 螺旋插补;G17、G18、G19 及 G02、G03............................................................................................................56
6.8 圆筒插补:G07.1(仅 G 代码系列 6、7)...........................................................................................................59
6.9 极坐标插补:G12.1(仅 G 代码系列 6、7).......................................................................................................67
7. 进给功能.............................................................................................................................................................................74
7.1 快速进给速度...........................................................................................................................................................74
7.2 切削进给速度..........................................................................................................................................................74
7.3 F1 数位进给.............................................................................................................................................................75
I
7.4 同期进给/非同期进给 ;G94、G95......................................................................................................................76
7.5 进给速度的指定与对各控制轴的效果..................................................................................................................78
7.6 螺纹切削模式..........................................................................................................................................................82
7.7 自动加减速.............................................................................................................................................................83
7.8 速度钳位.................................................................................................................................................................83
7.9 精确停止检查;G09................................................................................................................................................84
7.10 精确停止检查模式;G61......................................................................................................................................87
7.11 减速检查...............................................................................................................................................................88
7.11.1 G1→G0 减速检查.....................................................................................................................................90
7.11.2 G1→G1 减速检查.....................................................................................................................................91
7.12 自动转角超程 ;G62............................................................................................................................................92
7.13 攻牙模式;G63......................................................................................................................................................96
7.14 切削模式;G64......................................................................................................................................................96
8. 延时.....................................................................................................................................................................................97
8.1 每秒延时;G04........................................................................................................................................................97
9. 辅助功能.............................................................................................................................................................................99
9.1 辅助功能(M8 位 BCD)..........................................................................................................................................99
9.2 第 2 辅助功能(A8 位、B8 位或 C8 位)............................................................................................................101
9.3 转台分度...............................................................................................................................................................102
10. 主轴功能.........................................................................................................................................................................104
10.1 主轴功能(S 功能)...........................................................................................................................................104
10.1.1 主轴功能(S6 位模拟)..........................................................................................................................................104
10.1.2 主轴功能(S8 位)..................................................................................................................................................104
10.2 线速度恒定控制;G96、G97..............................................................................................................................105
10.3 主轴钳位速度设定;G92....................................................................................................................................106
10.4 主轴·C 轴控制...................................................................................................................................................107
10.5 主轴同期控制......................................................................................................................................................109
10.5.1 主轴同期控制Ⅰ ;G114.1...................................................................................................................110
10.5.2 主轴同期控制Ⅱ....................................................................................................................................116
10.5.3 使用主轴同期控制时的注意事项.........................................................................................................121
10.6 多根主轴控制......................................................................................................................................................123
10.6.1 多根主轴控制Ⅰ(多根主轴指令).....................................................................................................124
10.6.2 多根主轴控制Ⅰ(主轴选择指令).....................................................................................................125
10.6.3 多根主轴控制Ⅱ....................................................................................................................................127
11. 刀具功能.........................................................................................................................................................................129
11.1 刀具功能(T8 位 BCD)......................................................................................................................................129
12. 刀具偏移功能.................................................................................................................................................................130
12.1 刀具补偿.............................................................................................................................................................130
12.1.1 刀具补偿开始........................................................................................................................................131
12.1.2 刀具补偿开始方式扩展.........................................................................................................................132
12.2 刀具长度补偿......................................................................................................................................................133
12.3 刀具刀刃磨损补偿..............................................................................................................................................135
12.4 刀尖 R 补偿;G40、G41、G42、G46..................................................................................................................136
12.4.1 刀刃点与补偿方向................................................................................................................................138
II
12.4.2 刀尖 R 补偿的动作................................................................................................................................141
12.4.3 刀尖 R 补偿中的其他动作.....................................................................................................................159
12.4.4 G41/G42 指令与 I、J、K 指定..............................................................................................................167
12.4.5 刀尖 R 补偿中的插入............................................................................................................................172
12.4.6 刀尖 R 补偿相关一般注意事项.............................................................................................................174
12.4.7 干扰检查................................................................................................................................................175
12.5 程序补偿输入;G10、G11..................................................................................................................................180
12.6 刀具寿命管理Ⅱ..................................................................................................................................................183
12.6.1 刀具寿命的计数方法............................................................................................................................186
13. 程序辅助功能.................................................................................................................................................................188
13.1 车削用固定循环..................................................................................................................................................188
13.1.1 横向切削循环;G77..............................................................................................................................189
13.1.2 螺纹切削循环;G78..............................................................................................................................191
13.1.3 端面切削循环;G79..............................................................................................................................194
13.2 车削用固定循环(MELDAS 特殊格式).............................................................................................................197
13.3 复合型车削用固定循环......................................................................................................................................198
13.3.1 横向粗切削循环;G71..........................................................................................................................199
13.3.2 端面粗切削循环;G72..........................................................................................................................213
13.3.3 形材粗切削循环;G73..........................................................................................................................215
13.3.4 精整切削循环;G70..............................................................................................................................218
13.3.5 端面槽榫切削循环;G74.......................................................................................................................219
13.3.6 横向槽榫切削循环;G75.......................................................................................................................221
13.3.7 复合型螺纹切削循环;G76...................................................................................................................223
13.3.8 复合型车削用固定循环(G70~G76)注意事项.................................................................................227
13.4 复合型车削用固定循环(MELDAS 特殊格式).................................................................................................230
13.5 钻孔用固定循环;G80~G89..............................................................................................................................234
13.5.1 端面深孔钻孔循环 1;G83(横向深孔钻孔循环 1;G87)...............................................................242
13.5.2 端面螺纹切削循环;G84(横向攻牙循环;G88)/ 端面反向攻牙循环;G84.1(横向反向攻牙循环;
G88.1)................................................................................................................................................................243
13.5.3 端面镗孔循环;G85(横向镗孔循环;G89).....................................................................................247
13.5.4 深孔钻孔循环 2;G83.2........................................................................................................................247
13.5.5 钻孔用固定循环取消;80.....................................................................................................................250
13.5.6 钻孔用固定循环使用注意事项.............................................................................................................250
13.6 钻孔用固定循环;G80~G89(MELDAS 特殊格式).........................................................................................252
13.6.1 起始点与 R 点基准返回;G98、G99.....................................................................................................273
13.6.2 固定循环模式中的工件坐标设定.........................................................................................................274
13.7 子程序控制;M98、M99......................................................................................................................................275
13.7.1 通过 M98、M99 指令调用子程序...........................................................................................................275
13.8 变量指令.............................................................................................................................................................280
13.9 用户宏.................................................................................................................................................................282
13.9.1 用户宏;G65、G66、G66.1、G67.........................................................................................................282
13.9.2 宏调用命令............................................................................................................................................283
13.9.3 ASCII 代码宏.........................................................................................................................................291
13.9.4 变量........................................................................................................................................................296
III
13.9.5 变量的种类............................................................................................................................................298
13.9.6 运算指令................................................................................................................................................331
13.9.7 控制指令................................................................................................................................................337
13.9.8 外部输出指令........................................................................................................................................340
13.9.9 注意事项................................................................................................................................................342
13.10 倒角/圆角 Ⅰ....................................................................................................................................................344
13.10.1 倒角“,C_”(或“I_”、“K_”、“C_”).................................................................................344
13.10.2 圆角“,R_”(或“R_”).................................................................................................................346
13.10.3 倒角/圆角扩展....................................................................................................................................348
13.10.4 倒角/圆角 R 中插入动作.....................................................................................................................350
13.11 倒角/圆角 Ⅱ....................................................................................................................................................352
13.11.1 倒角“,C_”(或“I_”、“K_”、“C_”).................................................................................352
13.11.2 圆角“,R_”(或“R_”).................................................................................................................355
13.11.3 倒角/圆角扩展....................................................................................................................................356
13.11.4 倒角/圆角中插入动作.........................................................................................................................356
13.12 直线角度指令....................................................................................................................................................357
13.13 几何学...............................................................................................................................................................358
13.13.1 几何学Ⅰ..............................................................................................................................................358
13.13.2 几何学ⅠB............................................................................................................................................361
13.14 程序参数输入;G10、G11................................................................................................................................374
13.15 宏插入...............................................................................................................................................................375
13.16 刀具更换位置返回;G30.1~G30.5................................................................................................................384
14. 坐标系设定功能.............................................................................................................................................................387
14.1 坐标与控制轴......................................................................................................................................................387
14.2 基本机械坐标系、工件坐标系与局部坐标系..................................................................................................388
14.3 机械原点与第 2 参考点(原点)......................................................................................................................389
14.4 自动坐标系设定..................................................................................................................................................390
14.5 机械坐标系选择;G53........................................................................................................................................391
14.6 坐标系设定;G92................................................................................................................................................392
14.7 参考点(原点)返回;G28、G29......................................................................................................................393
14.8 第 2、第 3、第 4 参考点(原点)返回;G30..................................................................................................397
14.9 简易原点返回......................................................................................................................................................400
14.10 参考点校准;G27..............................................................................................................................................405
14.11 工件坐标系设定及工件坐标系偏移;G54~G59(G54.1)...........................................................................406
14.12 局部坐标系设定;G52......................................................................................................................................412
14.13 工件坐标系预设:G92.1..................................................................................................................................413
14.14 旋转轴用坐标系................................................................................................................................................418
15. 保护功能.........................................................................................................................................................................421
15.1 夹头屏障/尾架屏障检查;G22、G23................................................................................................................421
15.2 储存行程限制(仅 G 代码系列 6、7).............................................................................................................426
16. 测量辅助功能.................................................................................................................................................................428
16.1 自动刀具长度测定:G37....................................................................................................................................428
16.2 跳跃功能;G31....................................................................................................................................................432
16.3 多级跳跃功能 1;G31.n、G04...........................................................................................................................438
IV
16.4 多级跳跃功能 2...................................................................................................................................................440
16.5 可编程电流限制..................................................................................................................................................443
附录 1. 程序参数输入 N 编号对应表 ................................................................ 附-1
附录 2. 程序错误 ................................................................................ 附-4
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